Dong Ho painting village belongs to Song Ho commune, Thuan Thanh district, Bac Ninh province. Characteristics: A famous folk painting village of Vietnam
About 33km east of Hanoi and close to the southern bank of the dyke of the Duong River, Ho village or Dong Ho is a traditional handicraft village, named Nui, now in Song Ho village, Thuan Thanh district, Bac Ninh province. This is the cradle of traditional folk wood carvings known by many people both at home and abroad, with paintings that have long entered the spiritual life of the Vietnamese people.
From Hanoi want to go to Dong Ho, tourists along the National Highway 5 (road to Hai Phong) about 15km to Phu Thuy station, turn left, go about 18 km will go to Ho district, district of Thuan Thanh district. From here turn left about 2km to the lake. You can also go all the way to Ho lake and then to the dyke, turn left to the second dike harbor will have signs to Dong Ho.
Dong Ho is a small village with more than 220 households, living by making pictures and making more money than farming, which also preserves the oldest painting of Kinh Bac. Vietnamese folk artists have made vivid portraits of the Dong Ho painting village with the image of a lofty village nestled on the peaceful Duong River, highlighted by ethical standards maintained by the patron saint. Life, made the unique way of behavior of the village: the honor, temperament, elegant speaking, on the underside clearly sent and rarely in the village have loud people curse each other …
“You’re wearing green belts
About the village with him on
The village has a calendar with margins
There are cool ponds for painting. ”
Occurring from around the 16th century, Dong Ho painting was created by manual method, is the crystallization of the ingenuity and patience, plus the delicate aesthetic art … These are not paintings. Inspired but reprinted through engravings, and in order to have the engraving reached the level of sophistication, requires the person drawing as well as the engraver must love the art and high technical level. There are 180 types of paintings in Dong Ho. They are divided into five main categories, including paintings, historical paintings, paintings, paintings and comics.
It can be said that the period from the second half of the nineteenth century to the year 1944 was the prosperity of the village, with 17 families in the village are involved in the picture. During the war against the French, due to the devastating war, the job of making paintings was temporarily interrupted. When the peace was restored in the North, especially when the country was reunited, the village was restored. Unfortunately, over the decades of doi moi in the market economy and with the influence of Western art movements, awareness and social trends have also changed. own life (!).
Every year, from March to July, the whole village is made of lacquer, from August to December. Ho village has special festival in the lunar month in the third lunar month, in the village festival there are traditional rituals such as sacrifice, contest, contest is very happy …
LONG BEAUTY PENETRATION ON PAPER
Among the lines of Vietnamese folk paintings are known as Hang Trong (Hanoi), Kim Hoang (Hanoi – former Ha Tay), Dong Ho (Bac Ninh), Lang village (Hue) …, Thanks to the rural villages, with the simple life of the rural people, very close to the community of Vietnamese people …
Dong Ho painting is printed on paper, a kind of paper made from handmade material is planted in the forest like eucalyptus bark. Cucumber is put into small mortar, sieve into fine powder, then use this powder to make paper. On paper base is usually scanned with a layer of lakes or pine resin mixed with powder from small clam shells sparkling brilliant color so also known as paper Diep.
The people of Ho lake have learned how to use and distill from natural materials to create traditional colors that are both fresh and durable, such as blue extracted from rust; indigo extracted from Cham leaves in Lang Son; red from the bark of the wine; red stones from the pebbles exploited in the mountains; yellow flowers from fresco or sticky rice; black from Xoan ash or Tre leaves ash; White is ivory light is the message is made by the message is made from the shell or seashells of the sea of Quang Ninh … These are the basic color, not mixed and each color corresponds to a wood engraving, so often pictures. Dong Ho is limited to four colors.
The topic is taken from life itself, production activities or derived from the traditional philosophy, although simple but also very close to the normal life. From the characters in the legend or in the story, the beautiful scenery of the river country, to the paintings meaning wishes, normal activities such as “Vinh flower”, “Coconut”, ” Jealousy, “” flute playing, “” rat wedding “, all of which embody profound human philosophies.
Not applying the principles of light or the near – law of contemporary painting with the strict physiological layout, the artists who created the folk paintings by the monochromatic drawing that created the line of painting. Ho brings a lot of meticulousness both in the description and in the composition, has taken the viewer wandering into the world of nail designs, simple but also very interesting. Especially on each picture, artisans also suggested some kanji or chữ Nôm (ancient) or romantic verse, love (today) as the make more bold idea …